Munnar is located at the Idukki district of Kerala State. Gifted with sprawling tea plantations, winding lanes, exotic trekking locales, mesmerizing greenery and cool weather, Munnar offers plenty of comfortable holiday facility with deluxe resorts for honeymooners and foreign tourist.
Once the summer resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India, Munnar is situated at an altitude of 5000 to 8000 ft above the sea level at the confluence of the three mountain streams namely Mudrapuzha, Nallathani and Kundala. Hence the name 'Munnar' taken from the Tamil terminology 'Munnu' which means 'three' and 'aar' which means 'river'.
Munnar can be reached by air, rail or road. The nearest airport is Kochi which is 139 kms. Nearest Railways stations from Munnar are Kochi, Kottayam, and Madurai, Thiruvananthapuram. Munnar is well connected by a developed network of road transport. Buses ply from the Central Bus terminus at Ernakulam. Munnar can also be accessed by road from Kottayam, Thekkady, Madurai and Thrissur.
Anamudi which is the highest peak in South India towering 2695 m, has hill slopes that abound in rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth which is the largest of its kind in the world is found in this Anamudi Park. Nilgiri Langur, the lion tailed macaque, leopards and tigers are some of the fauna found here. Munnar also abounds in elephants. This is an ideal trekking spot for tourists and they are allowed to go on foot up to Anamudi.
Munnar is rich with exotic flora found in the forests and grasslands. Neelakurinji, a rare flower, which blooms once every twelve years bathes the hills of Munnar.
Munnar is famous for its luxurious tea plantations. Munnar is indeed a commercial centre for world's best tea estates. There are about thirty tea plantations in and around Munnar. The tea estates appear much like a vast green carpet spread over the hills.
Tourist destinations in Munnar
Mattupetty: This place is situated about 14 kms from Munnar and is situated at a height of 1700 m above the sea level. Mattupetty Lake and dam has an agricultural garden on its banks and is a beautiful picnic spot. Boat rides are available through the dam for the tourist. Mattupetty is well known for its highly specialized dairy.
Devikulam: As the name suggests, tourists are attracted to the lake in this town. The lake is also ideal for trout fishing.
Rajamalai: This national park is situated 13 kms away from Munnar. Trekking is popularly undertaken in this hillock. Rajamalai is also the natural habitat of Nilgiri Tahr, a rare mountain goat which is fast becoming extinct.
Marayoor is famous for its sandalwood forests, Muniyaras or the ancient caves and the Thoovanam water falls. This place is about 40 kms from Munnar.
Top station is from where the tourist can get a spectacular view of the plains of Tamilnadu. Kundalai dam is situated here.
Chinnar wild life sanctuary: Elephants, Deers and Samba are some of the popular fauna seen in this sanctuary.
The Blossom International Park at Munnar has a 1000 feet fountain, underground meditation center, roller skating and a lush garden.
Ervikulam National Park is a sanctuary for endangered mountain goat Nilgiri Tahr. Spread over 97 sq.km in Rajamalai hills, this park stands out for its stark beauty with rich grasslands.
Potheamedu offers excellent view of the tea and coffee plantations. The cool hills and breathtaking scenery is ideal for trekking and long mountain strolls.
Attukal waterfalls and rolling hills is located between Munnar and Pallivasal. It is indeed a feast for the eyes and ideal for long treks.
Nayamkad is a place of scintillating waterfalls with water cascading down the hills from a height of 1600 meters. The enchanting surrounding and scenic beauty are unmatched.
Chithirapuram, which is situated 10 kms from Munnar is a sleepy village with cottages, bungalows and playgrounds which reminds the tourist of the old world charm. This hill is famous for its picturesque tea plantations.